US Human Rights and Church Groups Call on Obama to End All US Military Aid to Colombia
News from Colombia |
on: Thursday, 26 February 2009
A coalition of nearly 50 US human rights groups and faith-based organisations yesterday called on President Barack Obama to instigate major changes in US policy toward Colombia. In a letter to the President the signatory organisations described the current military approach of US policy as having been an "abject failure" that has seen "security for millions of Colombians devastated" and called on him to end all US military aid and replace it with humanitarian aid for the victims of the Colombian conflict.
The letter to the President also pointed out that murders of civilians by the Colombian Army were increasing and said that the US should be supporting a negotiated political settlement to the Colombian conflict. The complete letter, along with signatories, follows below:
President Barack Obama
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20500
February 25, 2009
Dear President Obama:
You have challenged us to take up the considerable challenges facing the nation, and to make genuine change in how the United States relates to the rest of the world.
In Colombia, a real change in policy begins by recognizing that the military approach to drug trafficking of the last eight years has been an abject failure, and a new one is needed. This approach, called Plan Colombia, aimed to cut production of coca leaves in half, to affect the price and availability of cocaine in our communities, and ultimately to reduce cocaine use and the social problems it generates. To this end, the United States has spent more than $6 billion since 2000, nearly 80% of it on the Colombian armed forces.
By all of these measures, the plan has been a waste of resources. Cocaine entering the United States is as cheap as it was eight years ago, and in some places it is cheaper and easier to obtain. Aerial fumigation has wreaked environmental havoc and damaged the health and food crops of poor Colombian peasants, while the total amount of coca leaf grown has remained steady, suggesting that Plan Colombia has little to do with any price fluctuations.
More than three quarters of US assistance in Colombia is focused on failed drug eradication, but promoters say that the plan has also resulted in a drop in kidnappings by guerrillas, fewer massacres, and the demobilization of 30,000 paramilitary fighters. Yet security for millions of Colombians has been devastated. Since Plan Colombia began, more than 2.5 million ordinary Colombians have had to flee their homes because of the violence, constituting the largest humanitarian crisis in the hemisphere. A disproportionate number of internal displaced people are Afro‐Colombians and indigenous peoples whose identities are at risk of extinction. And the tearing of internally displaced people from their communities continues unabated, with more than 270,000 fleeing in the first six months of 2008. For those families, this is not a war on terror, but terror itself.
Both sides in Colombia's armed conflict have committed terrible atrocities. The armed forces supported by Plan Colombia have the worst record of human rights abuses in the Americas, and civilian killings by the army – nearly half of them by US‐supported units - have increased in the last two years. For these reasons, the United States should not arm either side in an unending war in which the great majority who suffer are civilians.
Last May, you said, "the person living in fear of violence doesn't care if they're threatened by a right‐wing paramilitary or a left‐wing terrorist...by a drug cartel or a corrupt police force. They just care that...their families can't live and work in peace." We share this insight. For us, and we think for you, it does matter whether people are threatened by corrupt and brutal armed forces that our tax dollars have trained and equipped. We want that to stop.
It doesn't have to be this way. Our nation can encourage a long‐sought peace in Colombia, if we are willing to use our resources for diplomacy to support a negotiated peace. While billions flow to war in Colombia, health programs for treating drug addiction and the larger economy here at home suffer from a deep social deficit. More than 23 million Americans need treatment for alcohol or substance abuse. Among substance abusers who feel a need for treatment and are ready to stop using, more than half cannot afford the cost of treatment. The current economic crisis will make the situation for these people and their families even worse, unless we act.
For these reasons, we urge you to:
We believe this nation needs a change in its failed policy toward Colombia. This requires deep re‐examination of how funds are spent and what the results have been where it matters most – for the most vulnerable and the victims of violence. We look forward to working with you and the Congress to achieve these goals.
Chuck Kaufman, Coordinator, Alliance for Global Justice
Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America
Zenju Earthlyn Manuel, Executive Director, Buddhist Peace Fellowship
James Jordan, National Coordinator, Campaign for Labor Rights
Adam Isacson, Director of Programs, Center for International Policy
The Church of God Peace Fellowship
Medea Benjamin, Co-founder, Codepink
Mark C. Johnson, Ph.D., Executive Director, Fellowship of Reconciliation
Philip McManus, Co-Chair, Forging Alliances South and North
Kirsten Moller, Executive Director, Global Exchange
Lutheran Peace Fellowship
Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns
Jim Schrag, Executive Director, Mennonite Church USA
Mennonite Central Committee U.S. Washington Office
Rev. Kathryn J. Johnson, Executive Director, Methodist Federation for Social Action
Lee Siu Hin, National Coordinator, National Immigrant Solidarity Network
Sylvia Romo, Interim Executive Director, Network in Solidarity with Guatemala
Katherine Hoyt, National Co-Coordinator, Nicaragua Network
Michael Beer, Executive Director, Nonviolence International
Christy Thornton, Director and Publisher, North American Congress on Latin America
Ken Butigan, Executive Director, Pace e Bene
Dave Robinson, Executive Director, Pax Christi USA: National Catholic Peace Movement
Paul Kawika Martin, Organizing, Political and PAC Director, Peace Action
Rick Ufford-Chase, Executive Director, Presbyterian Peace Fellowship
The Quixote Center
Pamela Bowman, Legislative Coordinator, School of the Americas Watch
Barbara Gerlach, Colombia Liaison, United Church of Christ Justice and Witness Ministries
Kelly Nicholls, Executive Director, U.S. Office on Colombia
Alfred L. Marder, President, US Peace Council
Stephen Coats, Executive Director, U.S. Labor Education in the Americas Project (USLEAP)
Banbose Shango, National Co-Coordinator, Venezuela Solidarity Network
Michael T. McPhearson, Executive Director, Veterans For Peace
Melinda St. Louis, Executive Director, Witness for Peace
Women for Genuine Security
Brooklyn For Peace
James H. Vondracek, Managing Director, Chicago Religious Leadership Network on Latin America
Colombia Aqui Collective/Bay Area Colombia Working Group
Colombia Human Rights Committee, Washington, DC
Haiti Action Committee, Berkeley, California
Judy Barry, Co-Chair, IF, Watsonville, California
InterReligious Task Force on Central America, Cleveland, Ohio
Lehigh-Pocono Committee of Concern (LEPOCO Peace Center), Pennsylvania
Movement for Peace in Colombia, New York, New York
Greater New Haven Peace Council
Nicaragua Center for Community Action (NICCA)
Rev. Deborah Lee, Program Director, PANA Institute for Leadership Development and Study of Pacific Asian North American Religion, Berkeley, California
Nada Khader, Executive Director, WESPAC Foundation, Westchester County, New York